Q&A: Which plants benefit from hard pruning in late winter or early spring?

Pruning these plants can improve their habit and color.
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Plants That Benefit from Cutting Back

Acer negundo 'Flamingo'

Catalpa bignonioides 'Aurea'

Catalpa xerubescens 'Purpurea'

Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

Cotinus coggygria cvs.

Gleditsia triacanthos 'Rubylace'

Paulownia tomentosa

Prunus cerasifera 'Pissardii'

Robinia pseudoacacia 'Frisia'

Salix alba var. sericea

Salix elaeagnos

Sambucus nigra 'Aurea', S.n. 'Marginata'

Sambucus racemosa 'Sutherland Gold'

Ulmus minor 'Louis van Houtte'

Shrubs That Bloom on New Wood When Cut Back

Buddleia spp.

Caryopteris spp.

Hibiscus syriacus cvs.

Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle'

Hydrangea paniculata 'Tardiva'