Grow Microgreens Indoors for a Nutritious Boost

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Text by Niki Jabbour for Horticulture February 2015.

As a food gardener—and a mother—I’m always looking for ways to boost my family’s vegetable intake. Kale popsicles, anyone? Okay, that was a hard sell, but offering shoots and microgreens is a fun and easy way to grow vegetables in the winter.


Unlike sprouts, which are grown in jars or containers without a medium, shoots and microgreens are grown in soil. Shoots are very young plants that are harvested when they get their first true leaves, about five days to two weeks after planting. We use them to add a nutritional punch to pastas, wraps, sandwiches and salads. Microgreens, on the other hand, are baby salad greens that, depending on the species, take about two to four weeks to reach a harvestable size.

To grow shoots and microgreens, first find a shallow container—like a seeding tray or old salad tub—and add an inch or two of moist potting soil.

Sow the seeds thickly. For shoots, sow different varieties in their own containers, because they will mature at different times. We love sunflower, pea, radish or broccoli shoots. For microgreens, use a seed mix, like the ‘Mild Micro Mix’ from Johnny’s Selected Seeds, or sow varieties individually. Top picks include arugula, ‘Red Russian’ kale, ‘Green Wave’ mustard and ‘Bright Lights’ chard.

Place the containers in a sunny window or under grow lights, keeping the soil evenly moist. Scissor clip when the plants reach a harvestable size.

Niki Jabbour grows edible plants all year near Halifax, Nova Scotia. Learn more at

Image credit: Madeleine_Steinbach / iStock / Getty Images