Latin Lesson: Plant Habit

What’s In a Name?

apodus  without a foot or stalk; sessile
arborescens  growing to be a tree; woody
arboreus  treelike, woody
arbusculus  like a small tree
caespitosus, cespitosus  clump-forming
cernuus  drooping, downturned
columnaris  columnar
contortus  twisted, contorted
decumbens  decumbent; prostrate but with upright tips
dependens  hanging down
dilatatus  spread out, expanded
divaricatus  spreading, straggling
effusus  spreading, straggly
erectus  erect, upright
fastigiatus  fastigiate; with an upright habit
fruticosus  shrubby
gracilis  slender
patens  spreading
ramosus  branched
ramulosus  twiggy
rectus  upright
repens  creeping
scandens  climbing
sessilis  stalkless
suffruticosus  somewhat shrubby
tenuis  thin
tenuissimus  very thin
virgatus  twiggy
volubilis  winding

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