Common name: White trout lily, white fawn lily, white dogtooth violet.
Botanical name: Erythronium albidum.
Virtues: Early spring bloom; ease of care if conditions are right; naturalizes in shade.
Flower: White with a yellow base; bell shaped; early spring.
Foliage: Tulip-like and green with silvery markings, appearing singly or in pairs at the base of the flower stem. Foliage dies back during summer.
Habit: Low-growing groundcover, 4 to 8 inches tall. Grows from corms (bulb-like underground storage stem) and slowly spreads to form large colonies.
Season: Early spring.
Origin: Woods and prairies from southern Ontario through the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest to eastern Texas.
Cultivation: Grow in partial to full shade, in moist humus-rich soil. Prefers dappled sun in spring and heavier shade in summer. Plant the corms in the fall.
Read all about trout lilies (Erythronium species) in an article by plantsman Dan Hinkley.
Top image by Clarence A. Rechenthin
Bottom image by Rob Ireton