Common name: Black gum, black tupelo
Botanical name: Nyssa sylvatica
Virtues: Good shade tree that adapts to many different growing conditions. Female trees bear dark blue fruits that attract birds.
Foliage: Deciduous foliage is dark green in summer, turning bright yellow, orange, red and burgundy in the fall.
Habit: Deciduous tree to 50 feet tall with a spread of 30 feet.
Season: Summer and fall.
Origin: Low, wet woods and sandy sites in the eastern half of North America.
Cultivation: Grow in full sun or partial shade. Prefers moist acidic soil. Very tolerant of wet soil. Will even adapt to occasional drought. For fruit set, you need both a male and a female tree. USDA Zones 3–9.